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Têhhlrúrzhál constructed language (Têhhlrúrzsá hálye)


Nyol-ya constructed language


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Têhhlrúr`zhál | Constructed language

Têhhl`rúr`zsá hálye | Têhhl`rúr`zhál

dÏqxò~DPÀÏl/rKÀU=rKÀ/DKÈa}Ql

Têhhl`rúr`zenár / Têhhl`rúr`zsá vílóvenár dÏqxò~DPÀÏl/rKÀU=rKÀ/zxìna}QrKÀ (name of the writing system of Têhhl`rúrz`hál)

Creative Commons License
Têhhlrúrzhál constructed language by Nikita Kalanakov (aka @txlyre) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://txlyre.ml/conlangs/tehlurian.html.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://txlyre.ml/index.php?page=contacts.
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Phonology

Á,á a}Q long A like A in Father.
A,a a shorter A, like á only clipped.
Ä,ä ultrashort A, like first and last A in America.
Â,â a~ nasal A, as AN in french Sans.
À,à qxè modified A, as A in Cat.
É,é long E as E in They but without y-glide at end. As long É in french.
E,e short E as E in Bed.
Ë,ë qxòÄ ultrashort E, like E in Passeth or O in Conclusions. Very short clipped vowel.
Ê,ê qxò~ nasal E, as EN in french Combien.
È,è modified E, similar to ER in Her. In some dialects, like Hindi R-vowel, or like ù below.
Í,í I long I as I in Machine.
I,i short I as I in Hit.
Ï,ï EÙÄ ultrashort I as I in Insurance, said quickly, clipped.
Î,î EÙ~ nasal I. Same process as nasals  and Ê, but using short I sound.
Ì,ì qaEÙ modified I. like I in Like.
Ó,ó x like O on Boat
O,o xì}Q like AW in Lawn
Ö,ö xìQÄ ultrashort O as first O said quickly and clipped.
Ô,ô xìQ~ nasal O. Like French on in Voyons.
Ò,ò u= modified O. Say a long O sound but with the lips relaxed, not rounded at all. Sounds similar to english O in Hot, but distinct from A in Father.
Ú,ú U= like OO in Moon
U,u xùQ= like OO in Look
Ü,ü xìQ like U in But.
Û,û u~ Nasal U, like U in French Brun.
Ù,ù xìu~ like EU in French Jeu.
B,b b like B in Book
Bh,bh v like Spanish V in Ávila, made with the lips loosely joined, allowing air to pass.
V,v qÀD like V in Victory
P,p like P in Peter
F,f qÀDÏ like F in Find
W,w w like W in William
M,m m like M in Mouse
Dd,dd kÀd like Spanish or Italian D in "del", with tip of tongue pressed against upper teeth
D,d d like D in English "Day", with tip of tongue touching palate
Dh,dh kÀD like TH in Though
Tt,tt kÀdÏ like Spanish or Italian T in "tu", with tip of tongue pressed against upper teeth
T,t like T in English "Tom", with tip of tongue touching palate
Th,th kÀDÏ like TH in Thin
Ts,ts dÏçDÏ Like TS in cats, even at the beginning of words
N,n n like N in Nice
Z,z z like Z in Zebra
Zh,zh DKÈ like S in Pleasure, French "j"
S,s like S in Sam
Sh,sh DKÏ like SH in Shoe
Shh,shh DLKÏ like "sh" but tip of tongue is curled back, causing a deeper sound
Shth,shth DLKÏçkÀDÏ like a combination of "sh" and "th" together, formed by starting the tongue at the "sh" position and beginning the sound, then sliding it quickly forward towards the "th" position as the sound progresses.
Sz,sz zKÀÏ a whistling "s" formed by gritting the front teeth, placing the tongue just behind them, and hissing.
L,l l like L in like
Lr,lr rL An L made by touching the tip of the tongue to the bottom teeth and curving the middle of the tongue upwards to touch the edge of the palate
Ll,ll A deeper L made by pushing the tongue back towards the throat and touching the tip to the palate. Similar to Russian "back" L
Lh,lh DLÏ Similar to Welsh LL. Put the tongue in the position for L, but hiss instead.
Dl,dl kÀdÏçDL Similar to Klingon "tlh" but voiced. Press the entire tongue flat against the roof of the mouth, then release the presure at the back teeth while making an L sound. Sounds similar to a flat D and an L pronounced consecutively.
R,r rKÀ A trilled R like Spanish or Italian.
Rh,rh FKÀ Similar to English "r" in "run" but slightly throatier.
Rr,rr FKÀÏ A heavily trilled R like Spanish RR. Like "r" above with more breath and trills.
Rz,rz Rather like a trilled S. Let the tongue hang loosely, while the teeth are in position for SH. Now curl the tip of the tongue upwards and hiss while trilling.
Ç,ç dÏçDKÏ like CH in Church
J,j dçDK like J in Judge
G,g g like G in Go, never soft as in "general"
Gh,gh DQÈÏ like a voiced version of the CH in German Buch
K,k like K in King
X,x the rasping sound of CH in Scottish Loch or German Buch
Ñ,ñ N like NG in Sing, even at the beginning of words
Q,q dQÀÏ A deep "k", made by putting the back of the tongue further into the throat.
C,c gÏçDQÈÏ A smooth fricative, roughly halfway between x and hh
H,h DYÏ like H in How
Hh,hh DPÀÏ A rasping H formed with the back of the tongue slightly raised, closing the throat
Y,y RQÈ like Y in Yes
ÿ T a y-like glide, used mainly after n and l, but also found after other consonants
¿ dY a glottal stop. A catch in the throat.
However, certain combinations may occur which can cause confusion, such as R followed by Z or ZH, which can easily be misinterpreted as RZ. To avoid this, a back-quote (` or /) is used between such letters when they indicate two different sounds

Stress

The stress of verbs always falls on the ending. With single syllable end this is easy to determine. With multi-syllable endings the stress is on the penultimate. The stress of other words is normally on the penultimate. Exceptions include:
• Words ending in a nasal vowel or having a nasal vowel in the final syllable. These words have the stress on the syllable containing nasal vowel.
• Words having an ultra-short vowel in the penultimate. An ultrashort vowel can never bear the primary stress, so the stress must move to the ante-penultimate if available, or the final syllable if not.

Examples

Ghelyálÿ sálekán - I see a book
Cëlásvô lhenÿ sálekán - He had give me a book
Delzyán sháñólyá - You're already dead
Tá evelyelevó zh'ttósnìráyá, ákasáyvùyvá! - Proletariers of the world, unite!
Kelyô kórán ólvónÿ - He does so much for us
Ñeyë sálekó ñeyë álvá - No books no joy
Xólálÿ nyàkán - I have a cat
Xólálÿ dúr¿zhenún - I have a pair of shoes
Sháçalásválÿ órhál tsítón - I have already eaten several grapes
Póndrálÿ zh'sálekán be zh'sivnänÿ - I put the book on the table
Rrólónályevá órhálán lháls-sálekóç - You can take several of my books
Ìlíçálÿ vezálá - I don't feel myself well
Ilíçevályëv shthózán? - How are you(polite, sg.)?
Xyályéñálÿ dhán - I shouldn't have to take she with me
Zárrelùnyû zh'várhen eref ányélályónyá tiránán - The car broke down and they should have to get a taxi
Kenyálÿ Elisán - My name is Alice
Kenyevályëv shthón? - What is your(polite, sg.) name?
Lhôñ vélázô zh'dheve ddá tye ólvónÿ qíëdô zh'thává - Now the man is walking away and the woman is walking towards us
Xím ñórsóxná tye lúváyónÿ - Per aspera ad astra
Nysválÿ wágelâ yáshnyets he kánselùlÿ shthásáhyá - I had tried to run again, but failed miserable.
Qíëdálÿ tye zh'páláñáç - I come from the city
Tálô zh'sálek tye zh'sívnäç - The book falls from the table
Sólályá tye zh'thó¿ënùlyánÿ - We are going(driving) to the sea
Dhóle bóyenó tirásvónyá tsye gl'têdhrálváóná - A lot of people had died in the battles
DHÍ (Dhóle ìtsäyáló) - lol (lot of laugh)
Rrázhálvû fyán pólef leshâ - Press 'F' to pay respects
Gnevélályáyëv dhánÿ ó úmázhëç - You should have tell her about it

Ursa tyéväyón vályelô ñelysáhyá, ttòsne¿á dyêlsáyón delzyelónyá ddá ttólvá kórrelónyá.
He séne zólysáyón lëttólvá dzelyelónyá.

Gl'sóvélvó epná zh'hálónevánÿ zh'jìneyá epná zh'dyáránÿ.

gl‘DÏxqÀDEÒlqÀDx xìbÏna}Q DKÈ‘DYÏa}QlxnxìqÀDa}QnT DKÈ‘dçDKqaEÙnxìRQÈa}Q xìbÏna}Q DKÈ‘dRQÈa}QrKÀa}QnT.

- The money is for life, but the nature is for the soul

Delzyô áyólvá kánálsá ddá vùvrejô tseqáhyá,
káns zh'pífësálán geváyvô dzánù.

Hólef zh'kúthál móghô ttòxíme shtheyâ,
tálelónázës lhásvô ñelef.

Ámólrô tye vetësáç dhyáns-dheviç,
ddá nògzô ó leghlámeyóç tye dhyáns-múrósyá,
yáqelë ddá ghelyô sínálán,
crênán zh'zálemen el gnevélelô.
.

dxìlzRQÈxìQ~ a}QRQÈxlqÀDa}Q gÏa}Qna}QlDÏa}Q kÀda}Q qÀDxìu~qÀDrKÀxìdçDKxìQ~ dÏçDÏxìdQÀÏa}QDYÏRQÈa}Q,
gÏa}QnDÏ DKÈ‘bÏIqÀDÏqxòÄDÏa}Qla}Qn gxìqÀDa}QRQÈqÀDxìQ~ dza}Qnxìu~.

DYÏxlxìqÀDÏ DKÈ‘gÏU=kÀDÏa}Ql mxDQÈÏxìQ~ kÀdÏu=GÏImxì DLKÏçkÀDÏxìRQÈa~,
dÏa}Qlxìlxna}QzqxòÄDÏ DLÏa}QDÏqÀDxìQ~ NxìlxìqÀDÏ.

a}QmxrLxìQ~ dÏRQÈxì qÀDxìdÏqxòÄDÏa}QdÏçDKÏ kÀDRQÈa}QnDÏkÀDxìqÀDEÙdÏçDKÏ,
kÀda}Q nu=gzxìQ~ x lxìDQÈÏla}QmxìRQÈxdÏçDKÏ dÏRQÈxì kÀDRQÈa}QnDÏmU=rKÀxDÏRQÈa}Q,
RQÈa}QdQÀÏxìlqxòÄ kÀda}Q DQÈÏxìlRQÈxìQ~ DÏIna}Qla}Qn,
gÏçDQÈÏrKÀqxò~na}Qn DKÈ‘za}Qlxìmxìn xìl gnxìqÀDEÒlxìlxìQ~.


- He is sharp, feared and pierces deep,
against will, he has promises to keep.
When Death comes around, once more to reap,
tormented by nightmares, he never sleeps.
He rises from, his accursed bed,
With thoughts of violence, in his head,
A flash of rage, and he sees red,
The last tale, he ever said.

Wágä yáshyets áklelónálÿ bléyeyón.

wa}QgaÄ RQÈa}QDKÏRQÈxìdÏçDÏ a}QgÏlxìlxna}QlT blEÒRQÈxìRQÈxn.

- Damn, again have to pay taxes

yá: Kálseválsvá shthóvlóránÿ?
by: Sályeváyevá shtóvlóránÿ?
yá: Ñóvexne.
by: Vá ñóvexne kálsâ shthóvlóránÿ. Kálsánáyëv eçe yávevlóránÿ.

RQÈa}Q_ ?gÏa}QlDÏxìqÀDa}QlDÏqÀDa}Q DLKÏçkÀDÏxqÀDlxrKÀa}QnT
bRQÈ_ ?DÏa}QlRQÈxìqÀDa}QRQÈxìqÀDa}Q DKÏdÏxqÀDlxrKÀa}QnT
RQÈa}Q_ NxqÀDxìGÏnxì.
bRQÈ_ qÀDa}Q NxqÀDxìGÏnxì gÏa}QlDÏa~ DLKÏçkÀDÏxqÀDlxrKÀa}QnT. gÏa}QlDÏa}Qna}QRQÈqxòÄqÀD xìdÏçDKÏxì RQÈa}QqÀDxìqÀDlxrKÀa}QnT.

Marlin dlúnányá ól:
1) Gávsó hìyánó
2) Gesá bóyenó nógályónyá delsázán

marKÀlEÙn dlU=na}QnRQÈa}Q xl_
1: ga}QqÀDDÏx DYÏqaEÙRQÈa}Qnx.
2: gxìDÏa}Q bxRQÈxìnx nxga}QlRQÈxnRQÈa}Q dxìlDÏa}Qza}Qn.

Vocabulary

Grammar

Word formation suffixes

- emotion, feeling.
-(s)á - common ending for adjectives.
-ává - female word, e.g: nyák - a cat, nyákává - a cat (female)
-áçlá - despicable, pejorative.
-ágh - depreciative, use in anger/hate.
-ák - commander or military chief of.
-áksev - assistant, one who assists with.
-álits - place where.
-ál/-ám - forms noun.
-áls - -dom.
-álvá - tool, thing used in perf.act.
-álye - doing, acting out, performing.
-ánsës - -ity, -ness, -ship.
-ánthá - area where.
-ánvi - measurement of.
-ányá - diminutive, endearing.
-áqá - tool, receiver of action.
-arshálits - -ery, shop, place where x is sold.
-árválës - -ology, study/subj. of.
-árválev - -ist, -ologist, one who studies to learn about.
-ás(á) - seeming, looking, -ish.
-ásh - eater of, -ivore.
-áshá - endearment.
-ásvá - having done.
-átárh - doctor of.
-áthlá - plant which bears x.
-átrá - -ful,-fer, bearing.
-átsën- - ism.
-átsev - ist, one who follows a Xism.
-átvá - skin of, hide of, outer wrapping.
-ávrá - -able to do.
-áxës - forms nouns referring to two dimensional geometric shapes with the number of sides being the number to which the suffix is added.
-áxáns - base x (of numbers), imal/inary.
-áz - -ing, shows repeated action.
-ázhg - augmentative, oversized/outsized.
-e¿ - depreciative, less force than -áçlá or -ágh
. -édh - room where.
-ef - intended for, for the purpose of.
-él - tending to.
-elsh - worthy to be.
-em - material, substance.
-emsá - composed of.
-en - forms noun expressing specific object, action, or incident.
-én - causing to be x.
-ensá - forms an adjective roughly equivalent to a passive participle.
-entá - building.
-eprálës - -ology, study and examination of, checking.
-eprálev - -ologist, one who studies or examines, one who checks.
-es - litterary piece.
-ës - forms abstract noun.
-esh - having/needing to be.
-eshká - made of (formed out of).
-eskváts - system, procedure.
-eskvë - cycle, system.
-ev - person.
-évrá - able to have root done to it.
-ghár - booth, spot where.
- location at, in, or on. Forms a syntactic or descriptive.
- location at, in, or on. Forms a syntactic which normally takes an object.
-íçë - component, part of, element of.
-íhev - one who is a fan of, likes, is into.
-íksá - -scope.
-ìl- - one item of a collective.
-ír - a container made from.
-ìrá - holder for.
-írsá - centered or focused on.
-ísá - diminutive, small and cozy.
-ìsen - division of, piece of.
-íshtá - dinimutive, used with childhood things.
-ìzhem - chemical or mineral element.
-ná - realm, world, land of.
-óen - festival, holiday.
-ónev - one who does habitually or as a profession.
-ónjá - so-called, said to be (but not).
-órhen - meeting or gathering.
-ósá - having the primary attribute of, permeated with, full of.
-ósven - program, application that does.
-óvá - one who does now.
-óy- - continue, pursue, keep on.
-tá - world, place, isle.
- couple, pair of.
-ùnsá - causing to do to oneself
-únt - dis-, spread widely.
-ùvrá - able to do to oneself.
-úz - a piece of, a sample of, a slice of.
-várh - vehicle.
á- - focused on, or moving towards, unto, causing.
án- - home
án-/ány- - to, towards
ás- - to, until, unto
bhé(s)- - replace, change
çá(l)- - un-, undo, reverse
de- - ten, deka-
di- - mono, single
dú- - mega, million
el- - out, out of
esh- - towards
gá- - beyond, after, super (before consonants)
gel- - beyond, after, super (before vowels)
ghá- - away, from, de-
ká- - hundred, hecta-
káns(á)- - anti-, contra-
kì- - paternal (in relationships).
lá- - deci-, tenth of
lë(¿)- - not, in-, un-
lez- - mis-
ñá(v)- - ex-, former
ní- - milli-, 1000th of
nye(f)- - change, varying
ól- - good, healthy
pe- - for, pro, for the good/purpose
se- - bi-, dual
se- - maternal (in relationships).
sé(n)- - enough, sufficient
shá- - already
sha- - remote in time, pra-
shthá(w)- - near, beside
sú- - centi-, 100th of
sú- - clearly, undoubtably
tse- - in, into
tsú- - back, in response to
ttò- - all, complete(ly)
tú- - exact, exactly, very
úm(á)- - this
ve- - not, without, -less
vù(n)- - with, co-
zá- - kilo-, 1000 times

Cases

Nouns ending in consonants:

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -- -ó (-ú for dual)
Instative -áóná (-áúná)
Adlative -ánÿ -ónÿ (-únÿ)
Objective -án -ón (-ún)
Periterative -áxná -óxná (-úxná)
Ablative -áç -óç (-úç)

The above endings are added directly to the base or nominatve form of the noun. The addition of these endings does not change the noun stress in any way, which in general resides on the penultimate syllable of the nominative singular (base) form.

Words ending in -ñen are irregular and add a -y- before the endings.

Nouns ending in vowels other than ë

Case Singular Plural
Nominative -- -yó (-yú for dual)
Instative -yá -yáóná (-yáúná)
Adlative -nÿ -yónÿ (-yúnÿ)
Objective -n -yón (-yún)
Periterative -xná -xnó (-xnú)
Ablative -yóç (-yúç)

The above endings are added directly to the base or nominative form of the noun, and as above do not change the stress. These endings are the same as the consonant forms except for the addition of a -y- for euphony and the dropping of the -á- before consonant endings.

Nouns ending in ë

These nouns drop the in all cases but the nominative singular and add either the consonant or vowel endings depending on the previous letter. Note that is the only ultra-short vowel to be dropped, with the others (-ä,-ï,-ö,-ü) being retained in declension and using the vowel endings.

Nouns ending in ÿ

Nouns ending in -ÿ convert the -ÿ to a straight -y- and add regular consonant endings.

Example:

Pronouns

lhe, lhá - I, me ólve, ólvá, ólvë - we, us
ólye, ólyá - you (familiar) ólyár - you (familiar, plural)
ólyev, ólyáv - you (formal) ólyevár - you (formal, plural)
ólyeven, ólyáven - you (depreciative) ólyevenár - you (depreciative, plural)
dhe, dhá, dháne - he, she, it dyár - they

As can be seen from the above table, the pronouns can be complicated. For each "person" there is a singular and plural form. All singular forms, and the first person plural form, have gender forms as well. Lhe is used by males, lhá by females. Ólye refers to a male, ólyá to a female, and so on.

In the plural, the first person has three commonly used gender forms. Ólve is used if the group speaking or being represented is composed entirely of males, ólvá if it composed entirely of females. Ólvë, which is the most common, is used if either the speaker is unsure of the mix, or the group is known to be mixed.

The third person plural is a mixture of these two styles, having taken the dy- root of the older plurals dye, dyá, dyë, dyó, and dyáne, plus the -ár suffix.

Note: in forming the oblique cases, the ending is not dropped, and pronouns ending in -ë are treated as any other form ending in a vowel.

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are formed from the personal pronouns by the addition of the suffix -es. These pronouns are used adjectivally and most often preceed the noun they describe. They come in two forms. The primary forms are used mainly in the predicate, and if used directly with the noun they refer to, must also be in the same case as that noun. The abbreviated forms, which are far more common, are prefixed to the noun with a hyphen, and do not change form.

The following lists the possessive pronouns:

lháles, lháls- : mine, my ólves, ólves- : ours, our
óles, óls- : yours, your (familiar) ólyáres, ólyárs- : yours, your (fam. plu.)
bháles, bháls- : yours, your (formal) ólyeváres, ólyevárs- : your (form.plu.)
ólvenes, ólvens- : yours, your (depr.) ólveñkes, ólveñks- : your (depr. plu.)
dhyánes, dhyáns- : his, her, its dyáres, dyárs- : their

Notes: The second person singular formal is irregular, from a now extinct root. The first person plural uses the same form for both primary and abbreviated, due to the difficulty of pronouncing *ólvs- with a consonant.

All of the reflexives end in -í, which pulls the stress in the word to itself. The pronouns themselves are not gendered. The set of reflexive pronouns is as follows: lhí - myself
ólí - yourself (familiar singular)
ólyëví - yourself (formal singular)
yevení - yourself (depreciative singular)
dhí - himself, herself, itself
ólví - ourselves
ólyárí - yourselves (familiar plural)
ólyëvárí - yourselves (formal plural)
venárí - yourselves (depreciative plural)
dyárí - themselves

General Pronouns

The following is a table of the most commonly used general pronouns:

áyáshé - one another áyóvá - someone ñévá - no one, nobody
ñólvá - someone, somebody dhrásva - something ñólyë - which one (question & relative) shthe, shthá, shthó- who? what?
tázhë - that (near/just mentioned) te - that, which (relative) ttólvá - everyone, everybody
ttósnë - all, every, each úmázhë - this vlór - here, there (pronoun of place)
yáshë - other, another yávë - some, some of it zhánë - that, yonder, yon

Verbs

The verbs have a base form (present active infinitive) that is marked with the ending (nasal a).

To conjugate the verb, drop the , and add the appropriate endings. This is, of course, where it starts to get complicated.

First off, there are three voices, active, passive, and reflexive. Each voice is marked by a particular characterizing vowel, á/â for the active, e/é/ê for the passive, ù for the reflexive.

Note that the reflexive infinitive has no nasal, as there is no direct nasal for the ù vowel.

Next, there are aspect markers, which can combine allowing for more times tenses. The markers are:

It should be pointed out here that the passive participle is often replaced by the adjectival form, created by adding -sá or -ásá to the root.
Obviously at this point it is necessary to point out that not all of these forms are in everyday use for all verbs, although technically all are correct and can be used if the context warrants it.

The participles come next, with the basic form being created by dropping the -â of the infinitive and adding -ázályën for the active, -ezelyën for the passive, and -ùzùlyën for the reflexive. These can also be used with the time markers, allowing for six participles in active, passive, or reflexive voices.

Also, there exist "gerundive" forms, using -óznáyën or -ónázës as the ending.  These are intended to be used when the infinitive needs to be in a case other than the nominative within a sentence, but in practice they are little used and the infinitive is simply considered indeclinable.  There is no observable difference between the two forms, although the former seems to be preferred.

We now move on to the personal endings inside each time. Within each "time" there are three tenses, an indicative, a conditional, and a continuous/imperative. The indicative is the form normally used, the conditional is employed when the subject is hypothetical, not factual. The continuous/imperative is used two different ways. In the present time, it functions almost exclusively as an imperative tense. In all other times, it is more of a continuous tense, expressing what is covered by the Spanish or French imperfect tense, implying continuousness in the action.

The personal endings for the active form of each tense are as follows. Note that there are five persons and two numbers. Note also that the plural form is largely created by adding , often with a -y- glide, to the singular. In the conditional, which already ends in á, this is shown by nasalizing the á into â in the plural. Finally, notice that other than the third person indicative (he/she/it) there is the characteristic vowel of the active form, -á-.

Indicative:

I: -álÿ We: -ályá
you (sing. familiar): -áyëv you (plur.familiar): -áyëvá
you (sing. polite): -ályëv you (plur. polite): -ályëvá
you (sing. insult): -án you (plur. insult): -áná
he/she/it: -ô they: -ónyá

Conditional:

I: -álsvá We: -álsvâ
you (sing. familiar): -áyevá you (plur. familiar): -áyevâ
you (sing. polite): -ályevá you (plur. polite): -ályevâ
you (sing. insult): -áná you (plur. insult): -ánâ
he/she/it: -álná they: -álnâ

Imperative/Continuous

I: -áy We: -áyá
you (sing. familiar): -áyv you (plur. familiar): -áyvá
you (sing. polite): -álv you (plur. polite): -álvá
you (sing. insult): -án you (plur. insult): -áná
he/she/it: -áyn they: -áyná

Adjectives

Comparative >: -nyá
Comparative <: -nyó
Comparative =: -vó
Adverb: -hyá

The basic numbers are as follows:

Basic Number Prefix added to tens-multiple Suffix added to tens-multiple English
ehen     zero
dwi   -d one
sílá se- -s two
lhúvá lhú- -lh three
elká el- -lk four
ksònye ksòn- -ks five
zílyev zí- -z six
nestá ne- -n seven
zlúr zlú- -zlur eight
vlórhyë vló- -v nine

The multiples of ten in common use are:

delsá ten 10^1
delselká hundred 10^2
denelsá thousand 10^3
deçálá ten thousand 10^4
dóvírá hundred thousand 10^5
dóvenyá million 10^6
dásálá ten million 10^7
dírádhá hundred million 10^8
dúshentá billion 10^9
dúrásá ten billion 10^10
dinçálá hundred billion 10^11
dástárá trillion 10^12
gáshentá ten trillion 10^13
gáshelá hundred trillion 10^14
gáshárá quadrillion 10^15
gáshedhá ten quadrillion 10^16

The intermediate numbers are formed by adding one of the tens prefixes for multiples, and/or one of the suffix to the last tens word in the series for units. Note that several of the suffixes can sound alike in hurried or slurred speech, thus it is also valid to not use a suffix and simply use the corresponding number.

Examples:

delsád eleven (also: delsá dwi)

delsán seventeen (also: delsá nestá)

sedelsá twenty

vlódelsáv ninety-nine (also: vlódelsá vlórhyë)

denelsá vlódelselká vlódelsáz 1996 (also: denelsá vlódelselká vlódelsá zílyev)

dóvenyá ksòndelsáz

Multiples indicate the number of times, as with English twice, thrice, fifty times. Multiples are also used to indicate multiplication in arithmetic, with the multiplicator having the multiple suffix attached when the equation is read. Multiples are formed by adding the suffix -xne or -áxne to vowel and consonant endings respectively. As with other suffixes, ë is dropped and the suffix added to the remaining stem.

Ordinals are those numbers that refer to the placement of their object within a series. In English, these are first, second, third, and so on. Odinals are formed by adding -vá to numbers ending in a vowel other than ë, or -ává to numbers ending in consonants.

The calendar

Begin of the epoch was 1000 years ago
The year is relative to the beginning of the epoch.
There are no months, the day is indicated by a number from 1 to 365.2425.
Format: YYYY.DDD(dddd)
For example, 15.20.2018 will be written as 2018.288 or sedenelsá delsázlur sedelselkáyá zlúdelsázlurá