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Têhhlrúrzhál constructed language (Têhhlrúrzsá hálye)


Nyol-ya constructed language


Aliosmo alt-history


Nyol-ya constructed language

oikeš ât nöl'ya | Nyol-ya constructed language

aikšleu âttusçça - Welcome to this webpage!




Phonology

a - /a/
â - /ɑ:/
e - /ε/
ê - /e:/
i - /ɪ/
î - /i:/
o - /ɔ/
ô - /o:/
u - /ʊ/
û - /u:/
ë - /ə/
ö - /ø/
ü - /ʉ/
b - /b/
c - /t͡s/
č - /ʨ/
ç - /ç/
d - /d̼/
ḑ - /ð/
f - /f/
g - /g/
h - /h/
j - /d͡ʒ/
k - /k/
l - /l/
ļ - /ɬ/
m - /m/
n - /n̼/
ň - /ŋ/
p - /p/
q - /q/
r - /ɾ/
ř - /ʁ/
s - /s/
š - /ʂ/
t - /t/
ţ - /θ/
v - /v/
w - /w/
x - /x/
x̧ - /χ/
y - /j/
z - /z/
ż - /d͡z/
ž - /ʒ/
šš - /ɕ/
tt - /ʈ/
dy - /ɟ/
hh - /ɦ:/
ly - /λ/
ny - /ɲ/
ty - /c/
' - /ʔ̞/
/ - rising tone
\ - falling tone
¯ - high tone
̱ - low tone
ˇ - falling-rising
ˆ - rising-falling
ʰ - aspiraion
ʼ - ejective

Examples

îqwab êbžipʰ'ûk - My hovercraft is full of eels.
âilhřmêř - How old are you?
âilhlê aržalîx̧na - I am 19 years old
îňažqʰřmêt - Are you fine?
îňažqʰlê - I am fine

Vocabulary

xx -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
truth and genuineness false/negative neither true/positive nor false/negative unknown polarity neutral both true/positive and false/negative true/positive false/negative in trivalent logic unknown polarity or logical state/value in trivalent logic true/positive in trivalent logic real/actual indeed apparent/seeming suspicious-looking as an equivalent to as a substitue or proxy for fake imaginary/unreal made-up

lc -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
want/desire affective/unwilled want/desire conscious desire based on need hope/wish to feel affective/unwilled want/desire; to affective want to feel conscious desire based on need; to desire to hope/wish thing affective wished thing conscious desired due need thing hoped/wished to feel ambition request need/lack/necessity ambition/goal/aspiration to request to need thing requested thing lacked ambition itself

zl -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
hostility hostility/anger threat defend oneself feeling of anger cause/rationale for threat situation/rationale for defensive act show/display of anger effect of threat or being threatened defend/take defensive action authoritative use of force/act of aggression threat of authoritative use of force authoritative defense cause behind military agression rationale for authoritative military threat rationale for authoritative military defensive act authoritative act of agression effect of authoritative military threat or being threatened defend/take authoritative military defensive action

pk -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
strength and force very weak weak soft measured somewhat strong adequately strong strong very strong with maximum power too light/too soft light as a feather light/soft somewhat softly neither soft somewhat violent forceful very forceful too forceful

žqʰ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
healt state; well-being state of physical well-being physical illness physical injury effect of physical well-being effect of physical illness effect of physical injury cause of physical well-being cause of physical illness cause of physical injury state of mental well-being mental illness mental trauma effect of state of mental well-being effect of mental illness effect of mental trauma cause of state of mental well-being cause of mental illness cause of mental trauma

tkʰ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
social interaction act/state of social interaction/interrelation act/state of initiating partner in social interaction/relationship act/state of secondary/complementary partner in social interaction/relationship act/state of social interaction/interrelation itself act/state of initiating partner in social interaction/relationship itself act/state of secondary/complementary partner in social interaction/relationship itself benefits/consequences/implications of act/state of social interaction/interrelation benefits/consequences/implications of act/state of initiating partner in social interaction/relationship benefits/consequences/implications of act/state of secondary/complementary partner in social interaction/relationship expected/natural role of member of a relationship expected/natural role of initiating partner of a relationship expected/natural role of secondary partner of a relationship expected/natural role of member of a relationship itself expected/natural role of initiating partner of a relationship itself expected/natural role of secondary partner of a relationship itself benefits/consequences/implications of expected/natural role of member of a relationshi benefits/consequences/implications of expected/natural role of initiating partner of a relationship benefits/consequences/implications of expected/natural role of secondary partner of a relationship

kʰb -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
romantic love relationship same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ

mt -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
parent-child relationship same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ same as tkʰ

qm -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
speed/velocity too slow very slow slow somewhat slow at just the right speed or intensity somewhat fast fast very fast too fast too slow very slow slow somewhat slow at just the right speed somewhat fast fast very fast too fast

šʼ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
love/affection emotional state act of affection familial/genetically-tied bond of love act/feeling of romantic love like/value as source of emotional fulfillment love of country/heritage/race love of or emotional allegiance to abstract idea kiss/to kiss embrace hug/to hug act of hand holding cuddle caress massage/to massage pat wink feeling of hug feeling of hand holding feeling of kiss

tt -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
internet internet; worldwide web webpage website image on any webpage image as file on webserver webserver; http server some file on webserver hypertext; html http https ssl url; link to some webpage url; link to some website homepage of some website ftp some file on ftp server ftp server webpage's content

lh -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
living; live; being living thing; to live wild animal wild plant male being male wild animal female being female wild animal domesticated being domesticated animal cultivated plant domesticated male being male domesticated animal domesticated female being female domesticated animal living period; age; to be aged as life flora fauna

żs -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
intelligence and age dumb; stupid foolish in a poorly thought out simplistic reckless intelligent innovative; daring ingenious wise prehistoric ancient archaic classic old-fashioned in the era just passed modern innovative avant-garde

ly -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
search; seek; find search, seek, look for something unknown search, seek, look for something lost inspect hunt, hunt for pursue, track down seek to accomplish something to lost to find something unknown to find something lost thing searched for thing finded thing losted to scan to reconnoiter to ransack to pry thing scanned for thing pried

cc -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
law a particular law applicability of a statute, law to a particular situation or geopolitical area, rule of law investigate an alleged violation of law; act of criminal investigation statement of a law or statute applicability of a statute or law gather material evidence as part of criminal investigation application of a law or statute state of being subject to, or required to obey/ comply w/ a statute or law act by law enforcement for purposes of criminal identification or apprehension act of official law enforcement jurisdiction/applicability of enforcement powers to particular situation or geopolitical area try/adjudicate a criminal complaint authority to enforce law or statute jurisdiction of law enforcement powers presentation of evidence in support of alleged crime; prosecution act/manifestion of enforcing/administering law or statute state of being subject to the jurisdiction of a law enforcement entity formal weighing of evidence by judge or jury

żn -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
instrumentality by means of the body’s natural method of doing so by means of a manually manipulated generic tool or implement by means of a specialized tool for that specific purpose or activity by means of a machine or via mechanical means or process by means of a virtual, electronic means or via engineering by means of mental power, force of will, concentration by means of a redirection or collation of energy specially applied by means of a collective pooling of manual labor resources by means of a collective pooling of electronic/mechanical/engineering resources by means of a hand by means of an arm by means of a foot by means of a leg by means of one's eyes by means of both legs by means of both feet by means of both arms by means of both hands

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
body parts spine rib skull limb bone bone of hand bone of foot shield bone hipbone membrane tendon ligament nerve muscle skin sphincter marrow gristle penis

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
body parts 2 esophagus adrenal gland bowel brain lung kidney pancreas liver tear bile semen pus blood mucus mucal secretion saliva lymph sweat

ššʼ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
body cardio/respiration parts heart; vascular component some amount of blood component of respiratory system oxygen ventricle atrium vein coronary artery aorta bronchus alveolar sac trachea nasal cavity artery vena cava heartbeat; to 'heartbeat' blood vessel

nn -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
name; title name/referent designation label nickname title formal designation role to be named; to be called to refer to as to go by to have label to have title to play role of - - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
generic body part body part bodily organ bone bodily tissue/flesh/sinew secondary organ bodily fluid/secretion function of body part function of bodily organ function of bone function of bodily tissue function of secondary organ function of bodily fluid buttock breast teat navel haunch snout

vr -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
hand hand as gestalt entity hand as holder, grasper, striker; to grab/grasp hand as manipulator, handler, feeler; to touch/hold hand as physical body part hand as main tool of body hand as limb/extension function of hand as body’s tactile sensor function of hand as holder/grasper function of hand as manipulator/handler non-animal hand as gestalt entity non-animal hand as holder, grasper, striker non-animal hand as manipulator, handler, feeler non-animal hand as physical body part non-animal hand as main tool of body non-animal hand as limb/extension non-animal function of hand as body’s tactile sensor non-animal function of hand as holder/grasper non-animal function of hand as manipulator/handler

v -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
arm arm as gestalt entity arm as holder, support, carrier arm as protective extension of body arm as single body part arm as limb arm as extension of body arm as reacher or manipulator arm as natural protective/defensive implement of body arm as holder/carrier non-animal arm as gestalt entity non-animal arm as holder, support, carrier non-animal arm as protective extension of body non-animal arm as single body part non-animal arm as limb non-animal arm as extension of body non-animal arm as reacher or manipulator non-animal arm as protective/defensive instrument non-animal arm as holder/carrier

vg -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
leg leg as gestalt entity leg as support leg as ambulator, extension, limb leg as physical body part leg as balancing appendage for body leg as limb/extension leg as manipulating body part leg as support against gravity leg as ambulatory organ non-animal limb as gestalt entity non-animal limb as support non-animal limb as ambulator non-animal limb as physical body part non-animal limb as balancing appendage for body non-animal limb as extension non-animal limb as manipulating body part non-animal limb as support against gravity non-animal limb as ambulatory organ

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
time units day of the week day of the month day of the year week of the month month of the year year decade of the century century millenium hour morning mid-afternoon afternoon evening night day (24-hours period) minute second

ż -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
friendliness; friend being nice goodwill kindness friendliness going out of the way to help fellowship friendship a friend a male friend a female friend being friends altruism affable - - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
fact; know; knowledge ontological fact epistemological/conventionalized fact experience/proficiency to observe/notice an ontological fact to know fact to experience content of an ontological fact content of an epistemological/conventionalized fact content of an experience/proficiency study/practice realize/understand understand to study/practice to realize/understand to understand thing studied thing realized thing understood

vb -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
gender gender neuter androgynous male anatomically sterile androgyne female anatomically genderless hermophrodite psycho-sexual identity asexual sexual preference masculine celibate sexual preference psychologically feminine psycho-behaviorally asexual; devoid of sexual desire sexual orientation in actuality

lkʰ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
romantic/sexual relations/relationship state of sexual/romantic relationship erotic/sexual act to date/to court sexual/romantic relationship itself sexual/erotic act itself particular act involved in dating emotional/hormonal basis underlying sexual relationship feeling of lust or other motive underlying sexual act feeling of hope or long-term goal of monogamous relationship or marriage underlying pursuit of romantic relationship significant other; boyfriend or girlfriend sex partner dating partner boyfriend male sex partner male dating partner girlfriend female sex partner female dating partner

ž -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
one one alone/lone/sole unique unit alone/lone/sole unique unify/unite alone/lone/sole in terms of being indivisible unique in terms of being indivisible single entity isolated independent single entity isolated independent single entity in terms of being indivisible isolated in terms of being indivisible independent in terms of being indivisible

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
two/dual a set of two make dual second one in a sequence twice the number of something two times to the second power half; halve be into two parts to the negative second power be dual make second in a sequence be second in a sequence a pair make into two parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
three a set or group of 3 make three-faceted third one in a sequence 3 times the number of something to be/make/do 3 times to the 3rd power divide by 3 or into 3 parts be into 3 parts to the negative 3rd power be three-faceted make third in a sequence be third in a sequence a triple/trio make into three parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
four a set or group of 4 make four-faceted fourth one in a sequence 4 times the number of something to be/make/do 4 times to the 4rd power divide by 4 or into 4 parts be into 4 parts to the negative 4rd power be four-faceted make four in a sequence be four in a sequence a quartet make into four parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
five a set or group of 5 make five-faceted fifth one in a sequence 5 times the number of something to be/make/do 5 times to the 5rd power divide by 5 or into 5 parts be into 5 parts to the negative 5rd power be five-faceted make five in a sequence be five in a sequence a quintet make into five parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
six a set or group of 6 make six-faceted sixth one in a sequence 6 times the number of something to be/make/do 6 times to the 6rd power divide by 6 or into 6 parts be into 6 parts to the negative 6rd power be six-faceted make six in a sequence be six in a sequence a sextet make into six parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
seven a set or group of 7 make seven-faceted seventh one in a sequence 7 times the number of something to be/make/do 7 times to the 7rd power divide by 7 or into 7 parts be into 7 parts to the negative 7rd power be seven-faceted make seven in a sequence be seven in a sequence a septet make into seven parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
eight a set or group of 8 make eight-faceted eighth one in a sequence 8 times the number of something to be/make/do 8 times to the 8rd power divide by 8 or into 8 parts be into 8 parts to the negative 8rd power be eight-faceted make eight in a sequence be eight in a sequence a octet make into eight parts - - - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
nine a set or group of 9 make nine-faceted nine one in a sequence 9 times the number of something to be/make/do 9 times to the 9rd power divide by 9 or into 9 parts be into 9 parts to the negative 9rd power be nine-faceted make nine in a sequence be nine in a sequence a nonet make into nine parts - - - -

n -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
ten a set or group of 10 make ten-faceted ten one in a sequence 10 times the number of something to be/make/do 10 times to the 10rd power divide by 10 or into 10 parts be into 10 parts to the negative 10rd power be ten-faceted make ten in a sequence be ten in a sequence to be ten in number make into ten parts - - - -

xs -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
numerals +200 +300 +400 +500 +600 +700 +800 +900 +1000 +2000 +3000 +4000 +5000 +6000 +7000 +8000 +9000 +10000

l -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
numerals +10 +20 +30 +40 +50 +60 +70 +80 +90 +100 +1000000 +1000000000 +1000000000000 +1000000000000000 +1000000000000000000 +1000000000000000000000 +1000000000000000000000000 +1000000000000000000000000000

lx -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
numerals +0.1 +0.2 +0.3 +0.4 +0.5 +0.6 +0.7 +0.8 +0.9 +0.10 +0.01 +0.001 +0.0001 +0.00001 +0.000001 +0.0000001 +0.00000001 +0.000000001

xz -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
numerals +0.0000000001 +0.00000000001 +0.000000000001 +0.0000000000001 +0.00000000000001 +0.000000000000001 +0.0000000000000001 +0.00000000000000001 +0.000000000000000001 +0.0000000000000000001 +0.00000000000000000001 +0.000000000000000000001 +0.0000000000000000000001 +0.00000000000000000000001 +0.000000000000000000000001 +0.0000000000000000000000001 +0.00000000000000000000000001 +0.000000000000000000000000001

g -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
correctness and mature totally wrong wrong/incorrect fairly wrong somewhat wrong barely correct more right than wrong fairly right right totally right undeveloped under-developed growing/youthful/young maturing fully mature overly developed declining/fading disintegrating dead

šlg -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
uniqueness and similarity too cheap cheap unexceptional; average somewhat ordinary somewhat special special extraordinary unique marvelous/wonderful opposite; as different as possible completely different barely similar other; different only superficially similar similarly at deep level similar very similar exactly same; indistinguishable from

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
light; radiant energy ray of sunlight the sun star light from a ray of sunlight the sun as light source starlight heat from a ray of sunlight the sun as energy/heat source energy of a star ray of radiant light or energy flame of fire artificial source of light or energy ray of light ray of firelight light from artificial source ray of energy/heat flame as energy/heat source energy/heat from artificial energy/heat source

t -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
name carrier animate being inanimate entity abstract referent human tangible/physical entity place name non-human animate being intangible/subjective entity abstract concept - - - - - - - r- -

q -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
possession and transfer to give to take to bring to leave with/to put to get/obtain thing given; gift given thing taken; gift taken to make available donate; donation to receive receive; reception inherit; inheritance acquire; acquisition bestow; bequest to have(something in physical contact) to have(by the right, even, occupied) deliver/take ownership of thing possessed by somebody

m -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
translative moving move from one place to another course/way/route followed between two points to cross/go across from one side to another go come go away close in; get closer leave approach to travel; journey reach destination route travelled on journey travel across be off journey toward travel further away from depart cyclical moving between two points; circulation

p -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
branched/leaved plant; tree; bush branched tree/bush/leaved plant leaf bark wood root branch seed/fruit/nut flower/blossom sap wood product leaf product bark product wood as resource root as food or resource branch as resource seed/fruit as food or resource flower as food or resource sap product

č -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
food plant plant grown/harvested/cultured as food source vegetable fruit plant grown/harvested/cultured as food source itself vegetable part fruit part edible part of a plant food dish/serving derived from plant food dish/serving derived from fruit to eat a plant to eat an edible part of a plant act of eating a plant act of eating an edible part of a plant act of serving edible part of a plant to eat food dish/serving derived from plant act of eating food dish/serving derived from plant act of eating food dish/serving derived from fruit to eat food dish/serving derived from fruit

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
food plant parts and preparation variants stem leaf seed nut pod/fruit flower juice/sap rhizome root soup stew salad sauteed deep-fried boiled steamed baked other style of preparation

sm -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
portion and extent no amount of a tiny amount of few some/any a fair amount of much/many a whole lot of most of every/all of none tiniest part of only some of less than usual usual amount of more than usual way more than usual almost as much as possible to greatest extent

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
terrain elevation relative elevation in comparison to other geological feature/terrain geological layer flatland area/plain valley; geographic depression relative to surrounding terrain deep underground plateau; raised flat-topped geographic feature relative to surrounding terrain hill/upland/raised geographic feature relative to surrounding terrain near-surface ridge/crest/flat-linear edge between different geographic/geologically-based elevations relative elevation in comparison to other geological feature/terrain in terms of geographic ownership geological layer in terms of geographic ownership flatland area/plain in terms of geographic ownership valley; geographic depression relative to surrounding terrain in terms of geographic ownership deep underground in terms of geographic ownership plateau; raised flat-topped geographic feature relative to surrounding terrain in terms of geographic ownership hill/upland/raised geographic feature relative to surrounding terrain in terms of geographic ownership near-surface in terms of geographic ownership ridge/crest/flat-linear edge between different geographic/geologically-based elevations in terms of geographic ownership

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
nutrition; nutrition consumption food and drink food drink to eat and drink as biological process to eat/ingest/consume to drink/imbibe food and drink item of solid food liquid drunk eat a serving of food or drink prepared/cooked food processed drink to eat a serving of food or drink; to dine to eat prepared/cooked food to drink processed drink a serving of food or drink itself prepared/cooked food itself processed drink itself

ty -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
color something having a color plus the color something light-colored plus the color something dark-colored plus the color something having a color something having a light color something having a dark color a color a light color a dark color something artificially colored plus the color something artificially light-colored plus the color something artificially dark-colored plus the color something artificially colored something artificially light-colored something artificially dark-colored an artificially coloring an artificially light-coloring an artificially dark-coloring

mw -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
potato same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č

sh -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
tea same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
coffee same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č same as č

b -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
horizontal surface ground table-like horizontal flat object shelf-like flat object form of ground form of table-like flat object form of shelf-like flat object purpose of ground purpose of table-like horizontal flat object purpose of shelf-like flat object floor table shelf floor form table form shelf form purpose of floor purpose of table purpose of shelf

k -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
speak; voice; speech; language vocal utterance/oral sound talk/speak/spoken utterance rhetorical utterance/express physical production of vocal utterance/oral sound physical production of talk/speak/spoken utterance physical production of rhetorical utterance/express communication through vocal utterance/oral sound communication through talk/speak/spoken utterance communication through rhetorical utterance/express to mean/signify objective meaning of vocal utterance/oral sound objective meaning of talk/speak/spoken utterance objective meaning of rhetorical utterance/express subjective interpretation of vocal utterance/oral sound subjective interpretation of talk/speak/spoken utterance subjective interpretation of rhetorical utterance/express slang; dialect speech; language; communication tool

ň -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
quality and size too bad very bad bad could be better average good/effective/above-average very good excellent astounding too small very small small/little a little on the small size a little on the large size big/large very big/large huge/gigantic too big

s -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
ambulation ambulate rapid ambulation unnatural or affected ambulation formal ambulation purposeful rapid ambulation deliberately unnatural or affected ambulation to hop to crawl to slither to swing to swim/glide underwater to swim on surface to march; prance to walk to fly to run to flee to jump

x -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
sign; mark; symbol sign/signal sign/signal (written communication) track; print; trail identifying characteristic or trait act of signing content/meaning of sign/signal/phrase content/meaning of track; print; trail mark; token; single graphic representation symbol; emblem formal representation communication through symbol/sign/signal (written) word/phrase consist from written symbols content/meaning of symbol communication through bodily trace flag; logo content/meaning of flag; logo writing system word/phrase consist from bodily traces/transmitted through gestures

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
animal mammal non-mammalian, non-avian, non-reptilian animal avian or reptilian lifeform insect worm arthropod/arachnid mollusc bird reptile bred or domesticated mammal bred or domesticated non-mammalian, non-avian, non-reptilian animal bred or domesticated avian or reptilian lifeform bred or domesticated insect bred or domesticated worm bred or domesticated arthropod/arachnid bred or domesticated mollusc bred or domesticated bird bred or domesticated reptile

ks -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
waterlife; water being skeletal/vertebral waterlife form exoskeletal/arthropod form soft-bodied waterlife form jellyfish-like lifeform crustacean shellfish gilled/finned fish uneven-shaped fish sea mammal bred or domesticated skeletal/vertebral waterlife form bred or domesticated exoskeletal/arthropod form bred or domesticated soft-bodied waterlife form bred or domesticated jellyfish-like lifeform bred or domesticated crustacean bred or domesticated shellfish bred or domesticated gilled/finned fish bred or domesticated uneven-shaped fish bred or domesticated sea mammal

ţʼ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
water in natural motion a flow of water/to flow shower/to shower free falling cascade of water water component of a flow of water water component of a shower water component of a cascade channel or course of a flow of water course of a shower course of a pouring of water river/to flow as a river rain/to rain waterfall water component of a river water component of rain water component of a waterfall channel or course of a river course of a rain shower channel of a waterfall

ršl -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
statical/standing water container of water water located in confined space waterlogged some water in/from a container degree of moisture contained the water imbued within an object container which holds water the space occupied by water/moisture the object soaked with water standing body of water atmospheric water artificial body of water water component of a body of water water in the air or atmosphere water within an artificial body of water the basis of a body of water volume of air(space) containing the water the basis of an artificial body of water

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
water bodies lake pool pond tern tank sink canteen cistern puddle sea ocean water vapor waterfall stream swamp/bog flood downpour shower/rainfall/to rain cats and dogs

šv -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
water as substance some water; to be/make wet some water in context of usage ice some water water as tool ice/to freeze degree of moisture to wash/clean with water float some water as component of life some water as nourishment; to drink water some water as biological environment some water of one’s corporeal body act of drinking water; to drink water some water from a natural environmental setting hydration; to hydrate to water to inhabit water; to live in water

qt -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
generic waterlife; water being member of genus male member of genus female member of genus wild member of genus wild male member of genus wild female member of genus bred or domesticated member of genus bred or domesticated male member of genus bred or domesticated female member of genus member of genus as resource male as resource female as resource member of genus as food/prey male as food/prey female as food/prey member of genus as derived resource or processed product male as derived resource or processed product female as derived resource or processed product

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
eel same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt same as qt

š -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
container and sufficiency jar/pot of dispensor-type container/package can/tin/bottle/sealed pouch carton/box/basket natural or generic mass containment/packaging/holder satchel; pack of pile of; load of ...ful of receptacle of abstract essence none at all woefully insufficient not enough/insufficient not quite enough a little too much too much way too much inundated with totally over

pr -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
transport; transportation holder/stabilizer for mystical/magical/supernatural means for automatic or separately controlled vehicle/vessel used for automated/electronic means for manually operated vessel/vehicle used for jury-rigged means for method/practice used for device used for rule/regulation/by-law for transporting/holding car/motorcar/automobile passenger car truck cargo trailer passenger trailer passenger vessel cargo vessel passenger airplane cargo airplane

ck -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
gravity/reaction propulsion/motion something hovering or floating based on equilibrium something hovering or floating based on gravitational equilibrium something in orbit around another body something hovering or floating based on equilibrium itself something hovering or floating based on gravitational equilibrium itself something in orbit around another body itself the act of hovering based on equilibrium the act of hovering based on gravitational equilibrium the act of orbiting something hovering based on reaction something floating based on reaction something in orbit supported by reaction something hovering based on reaction itself something floating based on reaction itself something in orbit supported by reaction itself the act of hovering based on reaction the act of floating based on reaction the act of orbiting supported by reaction

qw -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
transport passenger train cargo train train locomotive passenger railcar cargo railcar passenger hovercraft cargo hovercraft passenger helicopter cargo helicopter car/motorcar/automobile passenger dirigible cargo dirigible passenger flying device cargo flying device mixed train mixed railcar mixed flying device mixed floating vessel

ç -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
mammal/avian/reptile member of mammalian/avian/reptilian genus male member of genus female member of genus wild member of genus wild male member of genus wild female member of genus bred or domesticated member of genus bred or domesticated male member of genus bred or domesticated female member of genus member of genus as resource male as resource female as resource member of genus as food/prey male as food/prey female as food/prey member of genus as derived resource or processed product male as derived resource or processed product female as derived resource or processed product

qr -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
a dog same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç

šš -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
a cat same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç same as ç

ţ -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
vision to sight/see eye visualize; imagine see; eyesight a sight/image act of visualization an image/vision in one’s mind to observe optical instrument create/render image thing observed thing observed via optical instrument image created visual evidence a hallucination act of hallucinating thing hallucinated -

c -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
hear; hearing; sound hear a sound ear(physical part of body) imagine a sound to hear ear(aural organ) hear in one’s mind sound ear(body part) imagined sound listen to a sound aural instrument/device create sound listen selected sound instrument/device to play/make sound sound detected by aural instrument sound created hear hallucination

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
sense; sensation sense/sensation/feel/feeling sensor/sensory organ imagine a sensation or feeling to sense/act of sensing sense faculty/ability imagine a sensation/feeling a sensation/a feeling sensor organ a mentally imagined sensation examine via the senses sensor device/instrument induce a sensory experience to examine by the sense the use sensor device/instrument to create a sensory experience resulting evidence of senses sensor device or instrument itself sensation/feeling as externally created

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
rock; mineral; ground stone sand clay stone as substance sand as substance clay as substance gravel lava rock source of a stone source of a sand source of a clay source of a gravel source of a lava source of a rock stone as ground sand as ground gravel as ground

gg -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
liquid/fluid other than water drop of liquid drop of liquid/fluid as derived from other substance source of a liquid/fluid liquid/fluid subtance itself the derived liquid/fluid subtance itself natural source of a liquid/fluid artificially created source of a liquid/fluid drop of liquid in an abnormal solid or gaseous state thing/object composed of liquid status of substance as being or not being in a liquid/fluid state substance in an abnormal solid (eg. frozen) state object created, molded or manufactured from a liquid liquid/fluid state substance in an abnormal gaseous state purpose of object created, molded or manufactured from a liquid viscous state(quasi-fluid) - -

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
gas; flume cloud/flume of gas cloud/flume of gas as derived from other substance source of a gas cloud/flume of a gas cloud/flume of gas as derived from other substance natural source of a gas gas itself the derived gas itself derived or artificially created source of gas cloud/flume of gas in an abnormal solid or liquid state thing/object composed of gas status of substance as being or not being in a gaseous state substance in an abnormal solid state thing created, molded or manufactured from a gas gaseous state substance in an abnormal liquid state purpose of thing created, molded or manufactured from a gas semi-gaseous state

sk -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
taste; sense of taste to taste a taste tongue/palate imagine a taste to taste tongue/palate as sensory organs of tasting imagine a taste in one’s mind flavor taste bud an imagined taste to taste for an expected flavor instrument/device for detecting flavor create/manufacture a flavor to taste instrument for detecting flavor create/manufacture a flavor flavor detected via instrument flavor created -

šк -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
tactile sensation; texture texture; tactile sensation material impact of a particular texture to the object having that consistency material impact of having a particular texture to consumer of object/entity having that texture object having a particular texture expected material impact of a particular texture to the object/entity having that texture expected material impact of a particular texture to consumer of object/entity having that texture the texture itself actual material impact, benefit, effect of a particular texture to the object/entity having that texture actual material impact/benefit of a particular consistency to consumer/user/owner of object/entity having that consistency act to render a particular texture psychological or emotional impact/benefit/effect of a particular texture to the object/entity having that consistency psychological or emotional impact/benefit/effect of having a particular texture to consumer/user/owner of object/entity having that texture act designed to render a certain texture assumed, expected, potential, or theoretical psychological or emotional impact, benefit, effect of a particular texture to the entity having that texture assumed, expected, potential, or theoretical psychological or emotional impact/effect of a particular texture to consumer/user/owner of object/entity having that texture actual results of an act or process to render a certain texture actual psychological or emotional impact, benefit, effect of a particular texture to the entity having that texture actual psychological or emotional impact/effect of a particular texture to consumer/user/owner of object/entity having that texture

ppt -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
to write; a document inscribe; written symbol write message; written content to write(as an author) (physical) act of inscribing (physical) act of writing message communication through writing message written record; a text thing containing writing document page(visible part) of writing content of written record a text book a content of a text book communication through a document an author of text/document an author of a text book to describe something by text content of a page

sn -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
to exchange; to buy/purchase exchange interchange change out entity given in exchange entity substituted into new function by interchange newly placed by change out entity taken in exchange entity substituted out of old function by interchange entity taken out of action by change out act of trade purchase; commercial transaction invest to trade for buy acquire via investment to give up through trade sell; act of selling sell one's investment

sq -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
wait; await wait expect; expectation predict; prediction vigil/a watch foresee; foresight prognosticate await a wait act of waiting thing waited thing expected thing predictited watchful thing watched prospective thing prospectived thing awaited -

čč -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
substance; matter elemental/fundamental manifestation of substance elemental/fundamental manifestation of a substance/compound derived from a another substance source of a solid material substance elemental manifestation of a material substance elemental manifestation of a compound substance natural source of a solid material substance substance itself derived substance artificially created source of a solid material substance elemental/fundamental manifestation of substance in an abnormal liquid or gaseous state thing composed of a solid material substance status of substance as being or not being solid substance in an abnormal liquid state object created, molded or manufactured from a material substance solid substance in an abnormal gaseous state purpose of object created, molded or manufactured from a material substance quasi-solid

d -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
generic weapon hand-held or hand-thrown bladed weapon for cutting or stabbing pointed-tipped handheld or propelled weapon for piercing blunt force-driven hand-held or propelled weapon bladed weapon itself pointed-tipped handheld or hand thrown weapon itself blunt force-driven hand-held or hand-thrown weapon itself use/function of bladed weapon use/function of pointed-tipped handheld or hand thrown weapon use/function of blunt force-driven hand-held or hand-thrown weapon ballistically launched projectile explosive/incendiary substance/device gaseous/chemical/other weapon ballistically launched projectile explosive/incendiary substance/device gaseous, chemical or other weapon use/function of ballistically launched projectile use/function of explosive/incendiary substance/device use/function of gaseous/chemical/other weapon

z -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
weapon classes dagger switchblade axe sword scimitar bayonet arrow lance spear javelin harpoon hammer catapult fodder shot from slingshot bullet shell shrapnel cannonball

zb -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
weapon classes 2 shot rocket self-propelled missile bomb grenade plastic explosive firecracker dynamite stick gas irritant/poison poison chemical vapor liquid irritant/poison radioactive compound used as weapon gun gun/pistol machine gun/automatic gun rifle submachine gun assault rifle

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
salutation/greeting acknowledge/demonstrate awareness of hail/bring attention to congratulate act of acknowledging act of bringing attention to act of congratulating purpose of acknowledging purpose of bringing attention to purpose of congratulating greet/salutation welcome socially introduce act of greeting act of welcoming act of social introducing purpose of greeting farewell act of farewelling

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
fill and capacitance/volume empty/not filled at all way too little filled not enough filled not quite enough filled enough filled/full filled a little too much filled too much filled way too much filled overfilled too low volume very low volume small volume a little on the small volume size a little on the large volume size big volume very big volume huge volume bottomless

thh -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
clothing part of clothing as covering or fashion; to wear such part of clothing as distinguishing marker or indicator of station; to wear such part of clothing as ornament or accessory; to wear such part of clothing as covering; to wear such part of clothing as distinguishing marker; to wear such part of clothing as ornament; to wear such part of clothing as fashion; to wear such part of clothing as indicator of station; to wear such part of clothing as accessory; to wear such part of clothing as part of uniform or costume; to wear such part of uniform or costume as indicator of station/job; to wear such part of uniform or costume as ornament; to wear such part of uniform as covering; to wear such part of uniform as indicator of station/job; to wear such part of uniform as ornament; to wear such part of costume as covering; to wear such part of costume as indicator of station/job; to wear such part of costume as ornament; to wear such

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
latitude; north-south north-south orientation north orientation south orientation north-south axial direction north axial orientation south axial direction north-south geographical or geopolitical areal designation north geographical or geopolitical areal designation south geographical or geopolitical areal designation latitude north latitude south latitude polar area north polar area south polar area parallel/latitude Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere

st -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
longitude; east-west east-west orientation west orientation east orientation east-west axial direction west direction east direction east-west geographical or geopolitical areal designation west geographical or geopolitical areal designation east geographical or geopolitical areal designation longitude West longitude East longitude meridian time zone International Date Line zero meridian Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
plant branched/leaved plant including its fruit or flower grass-like or stalked plant including its seed or grain moss-like or fungal plant or mold including its spore or cyst branched/leaved plant grass-like or stalked plant moss-like or fungal plant or mold flower, fruit, or blossom of branched/leaved plant seed, grain, or kernel of grass-like or stalked plant spore or cyst of moss-like or fungal plant or mold branched/leaved plant including its fruit or flower as resource grass-like or stalked plant including its seed or grain as resource moss-like or fungal plant or mold including its spore or cyst as resource branched/leaved plant as resource grass-like or stalked plant as resource moss-like or fungal plant or mold as resource flower, fruit, or blossom of branched/leaved plant as resource seed, grain, or kernel of grass-like or stalked plant as resource spore or cyst of moss-like or fungal plant or mold as resource

lm -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
gratitude; thankfulness offer gratitude due to unexpected favor or convenience performed offer gratitude due to being relieved/rescued from negative situation offer gratitude within ironic circumstances or merely as a courtesy intent to convey gratitude due to unexpected favor or convenience performed intent to convey gratitude due to being relieved/rescued from negative situation intent to convey gratitude within ironic circumstances or merely as a courtesy actual act of displaying gratitude due to unexpected favor or convenience performed actual act of displaying gratitude due to being relieved/rescued from negative situation actual act of displaying gratitude within ironic circumstances or merely as a courtesy praise gratefulness feeling or manifestation of being beholden or obliged to someone or something intent to convey praise intent to convey gratefulness intent to convey feeling or manifestation of being beholden or obliged to someone or something actual act of displaying praise actual act of displaying gratefulness actual act of displaying feeling or manifestation of being beholden or obliged to someone or something

šl -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
importance and finality utterly unimportant hardly necessary no remaining alternative but back-up secondary fairly significant important very significant indispensable inconsequential/having no effect relatively inconsequential somewhat inconsequential not so minor consequential/having a fair effect overall/signifcant degree of virtually total/near total; utter/complete/total for all time/forever

rr -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
think; thought; idea think consider propose deliberate deliberation propose a thought/an idea a thought or idea considered a proposition or argument to reason analyze abstract plan theory hypothesis object of reasoning object of analysis concept

mm -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
high order being; high order animal; human higher order being human/person non-human higher order being or animal male higher order being human male/man male higher order animal female higher order being human female/woman female higher order animal authorized or officially designated person official/authorized person pet or zoo animal officially designated man official/authorized man male pet or zoo authorized/officially designated woman official/authorized woman female pet or zoo

-a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
fit/holding area; house; building holding area; to hold/keep containment area; to contain fit; to fit volume of containment area room reside, situate room boundaries room's wall room's floor room's ceiling dividing panel loose piece of furniture serving to divide room space snug booth closet building house

zd -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
vocal/facial gesture smile laugh light up smile as physical process laugh as physical process light up as physical process smile as emotional connotation laugh sound light up as emotional implication frown whine; moan look of dejection frown as physical process whine; moan as physical process look of dejection as physical process frown whine; moan sound look of dejection as emotional implication

gw -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
physical contact physical contact between 2 or more objects application of physical pressure/force move or set in motion via physical contact volitional physical contact between 2 or more objects volitional application of physical pressure/force volitional move or set in motion via physical contact to feel physical contact feel of physical contact to push to stroke to tap to hit to strike to slap to punch to press to knock to fall due being pushed

lp -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
probability and potential impossible almost no chance of highly unlikely improbable possible hopeful probable highly probable forgone conclusion that utterly incapable underqualified mostly inadequate to task possible but less than likely due to underdeveloped capabilities unknown if capable or not something has possible potential to perform adequate potential to perform well within abilities more capable than necessary or required

jx -a- -â- -e- -ê- -i- -î- -o- -ô- -u- -û- -ë- -ö- -ü- -ai- -âi- -ei- -êi- -oi-
make; create; construct to make/create/construct (non-mechanical) to form to mix to fashion to integrate to organize to mechanically construct to integrate parts a machine a device integration of parts part integrated part mixed result of construction (non-mechanical) result of mixing result of integrating result of organisation effort involved in making

Suffixes

Categories

F. - Word formating suffixes
T. - Time suffixes
L. - Locating suffixes
R. - Reference suffixes
M. - Modal suffixes
Q. - Quantifical suffixes
G. - Grammatical/conjunctional suffixes

  1. R.
    b -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    possesion 1S 2S 3S 4S 1S.F 2S.F 3S.F 4S.F 1D 2D 3D 4D 1P 2P 3P 4P reflexive indefinite
  2. F.
    š -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    word formation Place/location where/of/for something, eg. to watch -> cinema Artificially created object, eg. language -> conlang Naturally created object, eg. language -> natural language To be something/somebody To become something/somebody To be somewhere To begin, eq. i fall -> i start to fall A tool for something, eg. to light -> a lamp/lantern Something maded from something another, eg. steel -> maded from the steel Somebody who makes/creates something, eg. conlang -> conlanger Something that makes/creates something, eg. conlang -> something that creates conlangs(for example, computer program) Collective suffix of similar things, eg. a tree -> a garden Collective suffix of unsimilar things, eg. a tree -> a forest, mountain -> mountain range Generalizing suffix of mixed things, eg. a tree -> a genus of trees Collective suffix: segmented/structured structure of similar objects Collective suffix: segmented/structured structure of unsimilar objects Collective suffix: segmented/structured structure of mixed objects, eg. a building -> a city Collective suffix: segmented/structured mixed with unstructured structure of mixed objects
  3. M.
    ç -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    modal To be able to/to can To not be able to/to can not To like To not like To must To not must To want To not want To intend To suggest/offer To believe To believe not To prefer To enjoy/relish To accept To be inclined To decline/to not accept To not be inclined
  4. Q.
    m -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    quantificators Comparative: equal Comparative: more than Comparative: fewer than Comparative: almost equal Comparative: almost more than Comparative: almost fewer than Dynamic increase, eg. more -> more and more Similirative, eg. blue -> like blue Descriptive suffix (explicitly forms descriptive from root) Comparative: enough equal Comparative: enough more than Comparative: enough fewer than Superlative, eg. big -> biggest than possible - - - - -
  5. G.
    j -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    relations and causation Group relation: each other Group relation: target-oriented Group relation: together Group relation: chaotic Cause of event: forced by someone Cause of event: asked for by someone Cause of event: because of own desire Cause of event: because of desire of second side Cause of event: accident, eg. i dead -> i accidentally dead Cause of event: without of own desire Cause of event: without of own need Cause of event: because of own need Cause of event: because of need of second side Cause of event: without of desire of second side Cause of event: without of need of second side Cause of event: self-excited - -
  6. M.
    č -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    moods Indifferent mood Uncertain/unsure mood, eg. i _ he dead -> i don't sure that he is dead Scornful mood Accident mood, eg. i fall -> i just happened to fall Opinion mood, eg. i _ he dead -> in my opinion he is dead Uncertain mood, eg. i _ he dead -> it seems to me that he is dead Sudden/surprise mood, eg. he dead -> he is suddenly dead Potential/probability mood, eg. he dead -> it is possible that he is dead Surprised mood/to wonder, eg. i _ he dead -> i wonder that he is dead Doubt mood, eg. he dead -> nonetheless/still he is dead Impossible mood, i do this -> it's impossible to me to do this Confident mood, i will not say -> i will never say Fear mood, eg. i _ he will dead -> i fear that he will dead Repetition mood, eg. do it -> do it again!, i ak doing it -> i am doing it again Warning mood, eg. i _ he will head -> i warn they that he will dead Forced mood, eg. he dead -> he is forced to dead Swear mood, eg. he is dead -> damn, he is dead Happy/joyful mood, eg. i see you -> i am happy to see you
  7. F.
    h -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    word formation Someone who prevents something Someone who causes something to happen Someone who forces/causes something Someone who made to do X-ing Something what prevents something another Something what causes something another to happen Something what forces/causes something Something what made to do X-ing Someone who professionally behaves as ... Someone who behaves as ... Someone who professionally made to do ... Someone who professionally causes/forces ... Someone who professionally prevents something Virtual(ie. computer program) tool for ... Electronic tool for ... - - -
  8. R.
    s -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    demonstratives this (relatively 1S) that (relatively 1S) this (relatively 2S) that (relatively 2S) this (relatively 3S) that (relatively 3S) this (in context) that (in context) some - - - - - - - - -
  9. G.
    k -a- -e- -u- -o- -ö- -î- -û- -â- -ê- -ô- -i- -ai- -ei- -au- -eu- -iu- -ia- -ua-
    conjunctions and or but in order to because due is/are (Stative) for - - - - - - - - - -

Grammar

Structure: root+-suffix*-agent/mood/patient/tense-neg/int?-case?

Case

Singular: a
Dual indentical: ö
Dual unidentical: e
Plural: ü
Unbound plural: o
Undefined plural: ë
Frame: â

Oblique - -q
Ergative - -t
Dative - -k
Possessive - -p
Genetive - -s
Instrumental -
Ablative -
Aversive - -v
Benefactive - -z
Causal -
Comitative - -f
Distributive -
Distributive-temporal - -x
Privative/abessive -
Semblative - -m
Partitive - -n
Vocative - -l
Essive - -r
Exessive -
Identical -
Orientative - -qʰ
Revertive - -tʰ
Translative - -tx
Limitative - -px
Temporal - -špʰ
Allative - -spʰ
Illative - -xx
Lative - -çç
Sublative - -hm
Terminative - -hn
Elative - -hň
Delative - -hl
Egressive - -hr
Adessive - -žž
Antessive - -j
Apudessive -
Inessive - -pʰ
Intrative - -c
Locative -
Pertingent - -kʰ
Postessive - -ļļ
Subessive - -čʰ
Superessive - -ţţ
Perlative - -šţ
Prolative - -cʰ
Temporal-duration - -ss
Situative(context) - -šš
Materialis(maded from) - -škʰ

Negation+interrogation

INT - t
INT due what reason - s
INT for what reason - š
INT where - k
INT what - p
INT who - q
INT when - ç
INT which - x
INT whose - l
INT how/in what manner - v
INT how much - ř
INT + NEG - r
INT due what reason + NEG - ţ
INT for what reason + NEG - n
INT where + NEG - h
INT what + NEG - ň
INT who + NEG - m
INT when + NEG - z
INT which + NEG - ļ
INT whose + NEG - ž
INT how/in what manner + NEG -
INT how much + NEG -

Agent + mood

1S+DEC - l
1S+IMP -
1S+REQ - ļ
1S+HOR - řļ
1S+PRH - sk
1S+OPT -
1S+POT - r
1S+HYP -
1S.F+DEC -
1S.F+IMP - řl
1S.F+REQ - st
1S.F+HOR -
1S.F+PRH - m
1S.F+OPT - lm
1S.F+POT - rm
1S.F+HYP -
1D+DEC - ll
1D+IMP - rr
1D+REQ - mm
1D+HOR - ļļ
1D+PRH - nn
1D+OPT - šš
1D+POT - tt
1D+HYP - ff
2S+DEC - řm
2S+IMP - sp
2S+REQ - šp
2S+HOR -
2S+PRH - n
2S+OPT - ln
2S+POT - rn
2S+HYP -
2S.F+DEC - řn
2S.F+IMP - sq
2S.F+REQ - šq
2S.F+HOR -
2S.F+PRH - ļt
2S.F+OPT - lt
2S.F+POT - rt
2S.F+HYP - nt
2D+DEC - řt
2D+IMP - ňt
2D+REQ - ňd
2D+HOR - çt
2D+PRH - k
2D+OPT - ļk
2D+POT - lk
2D+HYP - rk
3S+DEC - ňk
3S+IMP - řk
3S+REQ - kt
3S+HOR - xt
3S+PRH - çk
3S+OPT - p
3S+POT - ļp
3S+HYP - lp
3S.F+DEC - rp
3S.F+IMP - mp
3S.F+REQ - řp
3S.F+HOR - pt
3S.F+PRH - ft
3S.F+OPT - çp
3S.F+POT - q
3S.F+HYP - ļq
3D+DEC - qq
3D+IMP - pp
3D+REQ - ňq
3D+HOR - řq
3D+PRH - qt
3D+OPT - çq
3D+POT - ţ
3D+HYP - ţţ
4S+DEC -
4S+IMP -
4S+REQ -
4S+HOR - řţ
4S+PRH - rk
4S+OPT -
4S+POT r- šţ
4S+HYP -
4S.F+DEC - x
4S.F+IMP - lx
4S.F+REQ - rx
4S.F+HOR - ňx
4S.F+PRH - mx
4S.F+OPT - sx
4S.F+POT - šx
4S.F+HYP - kf
4D+DEC - xx
4D+IMP - f
4D+REQ - lf
4D+HOR - rf
4D+PRH - mf
4D+OPT - řf
4D+POT - sf
4D+HYP - šf
1P+DEC - pf
1P+IMP - c
1P+REQ - cc
1P+HOR - lc
1P+PRH - ns
1P+OPT - řc
1P+POT - sc
1P+HYP - fk
2P+DEC - fq
2P+IMP - č
2P+REQ - čč
2P+HOR -
2P+PRH -
2P+OPT -
2P+POT - řč
2P+HYP - šč
3P+DEC - ţk
3P+IMP - ţq
3P+REQ - ż
3P+HOR - żż
3P+PRH -
3P+OPT -
3P+POT -
3P+HYP - řż
4P+DEC - ţf
4P+IMP - ţs
4P+REQ - ţc
4P+HOR - j
4P+PRH - jj
4P+OPT - lj
4P+POT - rj
4P+HYP -
INDEF+DEC - řj
INDEF+IMP -
INDEF+REQ - ţš
INDEF+HOR - ţč
INDEF+PRH - s
INDEF+OPT - ss
INDEF+POT - rs
INDEF+HYP - ls

Patient+tense

1S+PRS - i
1S+PRG - ö
1S+FUT - e
1S+PRF - î
1S+PST - a
2S+PRS - û
2S+PRG - o
2S+FUT - ü
2S+PRF - u
2S+PST -
3S+PRS -
3S+PRG - iu
3S+FUT - ua
3S+PRF - au
3S+PST - oa
4S+PRS - iôw
4S+PRG - eîw
4S+FUT - aîw
4S+PRF - iûw
4S+PST - aêw
1S.F+PRS - eo
1S.F+PRG - ô
1S.F+FUT - ai
1S.F+PRF - ea
1S.F+PST - ia
2S.F+PRS - ui
2S.F+PRG - ie
2S.F+FUT -
2S.F+PRF - io
2S.F+PST - oi
3S.F+PRS - öa
3S.F+PRG - üa
3S.F+FUT - ou
3S.F+PRF - öe
3S.F+PST - uo
1D+PRS -
1D+PRG - ue
1D+FUT - aw
1D+PRF - uw
1D+PST - ew
2D+PRS - ow
2D+PRG - öw
2D+FUT - iw
2D+PRF - üw
2D+PST - aiw
3D+PRS - eiw
3D+PRG - uiw
3D+FUT - oiw
3D+PRF - âw
3D+PST - îw
4D+PRS - êw
4D+PRG - ôw
4D+FUT - ëiw
4D+PRF - öiw
4D+PST - aew
1P+PRS - iaw
1P+PRG - iew
1P+FUT - iöw
1P+PRF - uaw
1P+PST - uew
2P+PRS - iow
2P+PRG - uow
2P+FUT - eaw
2P+PRF - eow
2P+PST - eöw
3P+PRS - oaw
3P+PRG - oew
3P+FUT - öaw
3P+PRF - öew
3P+PST - üaw
4P+PRS - üew
4P+PRG - üow
4P+FUT - iâw
4P+PRF - iûw
4P+PST - iêw
INDEF+PRS - ê
INDEF+PRG - eu
INDEF+FUT - oe
INDEF+PRF - â
INDEF+PST - ei